The book I read to research this post was Goose Green by Mark Adkin which is an excellent book and which I got from amazon.
Goose Green which was part of the falklands war in 1982 was the first land battle of that war. The war came about because argentina invaded the falkland islands along with some other british properties like south georgia island. The main problem was that there was a military dictatorship in argentina at that time. The UK didn’t want the islanders to be governed by a dictatorship and there was concern that if the UK let matters rest other UK possessions might be invaded.
With two of the important battles of the war – pebble beach and goose green – the british intelligence thought there was far less argentine troops stationed there than there was. Pebble beach involved the SAS and SBS whereas goose green involved 2 Para. It’s worth noting many of the argentine troops were killed while they slept without the chance to fire a shot. What started as a night time attack turned into a 14 hour battle. Colonel H the leader of 2 Para charged a machine gun implacement single handed and died as a result although it is worth noting they had been pinned down for 3 hours, he got a victoria cross as a result. There was also controversy over the argentines storing huge amounts of napalm although it wasn’t used in the battle. There were also breaches of the geneva convention by the argentines, they waved a white flag and then shot dead the two troops who approached. Also a gazelle crashed and they fired at the occupants. Nowadays argentines are taught about the geneva convention as part of their training because of that incident. Although the paras won that battle, for a long while it hung in the balance and was far from a foregone conclusion.