Archive for January, 2012

The book I read to research this post was The Moses Legacy by Graham Phillips which is an excellent book which I bought at a car boot sale. The supposed idea in the bible that we are all descended from Adam & Eve is nonsense because their son Cain got married so there must have been others. Also it says they built a city which I think would be beyond one family. The name Moses probably comes from the egyptian word mose meaning son & Moses was probably the son of the pharoah who took an interest in the jews. Obviously for literary purposes it’s better to make him a jew in the bible. There were probably 2 Moses one who led them out of egypt & got the pharoah to release them & another who guided them to Israel. In the original bible it didn’t tell you which mountain Moses died on & it was due to Justinian the first, leader of the byzantine empire who claimed it was mount sinai & that appeared in later bibles. The old testiment bible wasn’t written down for hundreds of years & the jews memorized it & there are certain things like the domestication of camels which happened later on but before the bible went to print. Around the time the jews left egypt, the egyptians followed similiar religious practises to judaism ie they worshipped one god called Aten which means giver of life but their god didn’t have a specific name, these were the only 2 religions in the world at that time to not name their god. The egyptians must have got disillusioned with their gods prior to that. For more on that have a look at my Act of God post which explains that. A couple of generations later the egyptians went back to worshipping lots of gods.

The book I read to research this post was King Arthur by Graham Phillips which is a very good book which I bought from amazon. There never was a person called king arthur, the name comes from the old english word for bear. It can’t be a coincidence that the king of powys in the 6th century was called the bear & in all probability is the person arthur is based on. There really a Battle of Badon & the king of powys was slain there. There really was a custom among briton kings of throwing their sword in a lake when they died so the part of excalibur being thrown in the lake is probably accurate. In olden times historians used to forsake facts in the name of entertainment so there is a lot that has been written about king arthur that almost certainly isn’t true. No matter what source of king arthur tale you look at they always have the tale of king arthur leaving mordred in charge in his kingdom while he takes an army onto the continent to fight battles, & when he returns mordred turns on him, so that’s probably. Excalibur in reality was probably short & light like a roman sword because we know that was fashionable in them days. The anglo saxons first came to britain by invitation & were used as mercenaries but got greedy & wanted more, they eventually conquered all of britain. The king arthur is based on created the kingdom of powys & was its 1st king so must have been a good fighter.

The book I read to research this post was The 21st Century Grail by Andrew Collins which is a very good book which I bought from amazon. This book is a kind of sequel to the book on the same subject I reviewed the other day. Collins tends to write about psychic questing whereby using mediums & friends who are psychic they find historical artefacts. That doesn’t strictly happen in this book where the holy grail the book is about was discovered behind a statue at Hawkstone House in 1917 but they try to verify it. Incidently the scientific community that Graham Phillips had found the Holy Grail one argument being it’s not mentioned as being in britain until the 12th century. At the end of this book they do tests on the Holy Grail & discover it’s made of alabaster & does appear to be a roman scent jar from that period so as Collins says it does appear that out of all the artefacts that claim to be the Holy Grail & there are rather a lot, this jar probably has the best claim. Something it says in the book is the early christians especially the gnostics & later the cathars & the albigensions focused on spiritual development. They used meditation & prayer to achieve this. I’ve read books on wicca although I have never been practised it & I’m not a wiccan. Apparently a lot of the wiccan beliefs come from these groups like the gnostics. When Aleister Crowley was developing his own version of wicca, he used psychic questing to find long forgotten beliefs. Someone even accused him of giving away the cathars secrets & Crowley because he didn’t know where his beliefs came from, didn’t have a clue what the chap was on about & they had a big argument. The knights templars kept these beliefs.

The book I read to research this post was The Search For The Holy Grail by Graham Phillips which is an excellent book which I bought from amazon. I have another very similiar book to this which is by Andrew Collins & which I will do soon. According to this book the stories of robin hood & king arthur which are essentially fiction are based on much older stories which are factual. The king arthur name is based on the word arth which is an old english word for a bear. While there was no king arthur there was an ancient briton king from around 500BC whose capital was Wroxeter, a now disused ruin near Shrewsbury Shropshire England. His kingdom was Powys & Wroxeter was the most important city in the UK. At that time there was an offshoot of christianity in england based it’s claimed on Joseph of Arimethea’s teachings. These teachings were more or less the same as what gnostic christians believed. One of their beliefs was that the soul was trapped inside the human body & that through meditation & prayer we could reach a higher self. The christian church sent an army to england which sorted out these rebels. They also believed that Empress Helena who was Constantine the Greats mother had exhumed Jesus’s burial site & found the holy grail or what they thought was it. This then eventually found its way to England. Someone in shropshire in 1600AD claimed to have found the holy grail on his deathbed but died before he could say where it was. What Mr Phillips thinks was the holy grail was found at Whittington Chapel in side a statue. It was identified as an onyx roman perfume jar & it had a missing lid. It was said the Knights Templar looked after it for many years. The King Arthurian tale of Percival searching for the holy grail could be based on the apparently true story of the Earl of Whittington who also happened to have a white castle & didn’t live far from Wroxeter which Phillips thinks is Avalon.

The book I read to research this post was The Marion Conspiracy by Graham Phillips which is an excellent book which I bought from amazon. One of the theories in this book is that Jesus was Herod’s grandson. Antipater who was Herod’s son had a wife called Marion who disappeared & Antipater’s children all mysteriously disappeared when it’s known Herod didn’t want them to inherit his throne. It would explain why Herod wanted to kill Jesus. Also why didn’t Pontius Pilate have Jesus crucified for sedition when claiming to be king of the jews was that offence surely he must have thought there was some truth to it. Another theory is that Joseph of Arimethea was Jesus’s brother & that he along with his mother Mary went to Glastonbury in England with the holy grail. This isn’t as far fetched as it sounds there were roads as far as northern France & indeed many christians settled in England to escape persecution. At that time even though britain hadn’t been annexed by the romans many romans lived here. Another theory which is mentioned although Graham wrote another book about it is that the King Arthur legend is based on a real King of Powys & that Camelot is Anglesey in North Wales. Since publication of that book it has been proven settlement at Wroxeter the capital of Powys lasted longer than they thought which goes along with Graham’s theories.

The book I read to research this post was Act of God by Graham Phillips which is one of the best books I’ve ever read & which I bought from amazon. This book presents a theory concerning atlantis, tutankhamen, moses & the minoan civilisation. At around this time which was when Amhotep 3rd was pharoah there was an enormous volcanic eruption at Thera which is in the Mediterranean. This eruption was many times bigger than even krakatoa which is the biggest eruption of modern times. The author believes atlantis was the minoan civilisation on crete & that it was virtually wiped out by this eruption & the resulting tidal wave. It’s believed moses lived around this time but he wasn’t called moses & he was a high ranking egyptian who left with the jews when they were released from slavery & allowed to leave. The author argues could the plagues in the bible have all happened at the same time & be the result of the volcanic eruption.  After mount St Helens erupted there were similiar plagues. The nile would turn blood red for example because iron oxide would be thrown into the air & could quite feasibly have gone into the river. Daylight would have blocked out by the ash from the volcano for some time. People would have come out in boils because of what was in the air. There would have been plagues of things like frogs & locusts because there predators would take longer to recover in population. A short while after the eruption there would have been disease from all the rats & all the rotting carcases which would have littered the place. Then when the jews where released & travelled to the reed sea not the red sea the sea level would have dropped due to the impending tidal wave allowing the jews to cross & of course the tidal wave would have wiped out the egyptians. It’s known the egyptians around this time adopted similiar religious practises to the jews could this be because they thought their gods had forsaken them. It’s known around the time tutankhamen came to the throne which was a bit later on they went back to their traditional religion.

The book I read to research this post was The Tutankhamen Deception by Gerald OFarrell which is an excellent book which I bought as part of a boxset at a car boot sale. I think I have to watch what I’m saying in this blog because I don’t want to get accused of libel. Basically in this book they accuse Lord Caernarvon & Howard Carter who discovered the Tutankhamen burial site of being a couple of rogues. They had an agreement with the egyptian authorities that if they found a tomb that had been disturbed by robbers they could have a share of the treasure but if it was undisturbed the egyptian authorities kept the lot. The discovery of Tutankhamen is one of the greatest archaelogical discoveries of all time. Anyway the theory in the book is that they discovered the tomb several years previously plundered it, sold some of the items on the black market & smashed some of the artefacts so it looked like it had been robbed. They used a rear entrance they had discovered to carry this out. There attitude was that they were providing employment to the local people & that they were helping the egyptians find out about there history so they were entitled to make money. The egyptians attitude was that the property in the tombs was their heritage & they shouldn’t have to read the Times newspaper to find out what was going on. They sold a lot of treasure to the americans in particular the Metropolitan Museum in New York it was thought they paid a good price & didn’t ask too many questions. Another theory in the book is that the people who allegedly died of the mummies were in fact murdered to stop them from spilling the beans.

The book I read to research this post was The Ancient Egyptians for Dummies by Charlotte Booth which is a very good book which I bought from kindle. This subject isn’t quite as the ancient greeks which I recently did a post on. In ancient egypt a number of pharoahs built there own capitals which then fell into disuse after they died but there are 2 cities which featured as capitals most of the time, they are cairo which was called memphis & luxor which was called thebes which is the greek name but is generally acknowledged. We don’t now how the egyptians did their carvings out of rock it would have needed something as strong as steel & steel hadn’t been invented. We also don’t know how they placed the rocks that make up the pyramids so precisely, you can’t even insert a piece of paper between them. Egyptologists can decipher hieroglyphics because something called the rosetta stone was discovered which contained the same message in ancient greek which they could translate & also hieroglyphics & demotoglyphics neither of which were understood at that time, some code breaking followed & while they don’t understand them fully, they have a sort of working knowledge. Up until 5,000BC a lot of egypt was fertile & the people were nomadic, at around that time there were geological changes which resulted in the sahara being formed this resulted in people having to settle where there was water. When the egyptian dynasties were finally vanquished it was the result of being invaded by the assyrians.

The book I read to research this post was The Ancient Greeks for Dummies by Stephen Batchelor which is an excellent book which I bought from kindle. The ancient greek civilisation lasted for 2,500 years & died out around the time of Jesus which was as a result of a roman invasion. The ancient greeks are thought to have descended from the minoan civilisation which was the 1st organised civilisation originating around 7,000 BC. Eventually the minoans were invaded by the athenians. The greeks gave us the 1st history book The Pellopennessian War written by Thucydidine who was a high ranking athenian army officer who actually fought in that war hence historians know all about that war. There was actually 2 wars between Sparta & Athens & what started it was a slaves uprising in sparta hence they asked the athenians for help but most of the soldiers they sent sympathised with the pelots or slaves & they made it quite clear to the spartans who decided to deal with the slaves themselves. The first war was won by athens but sparta won the second war. It’s interesting that sparta had the greatest army in the ancient but athens had what was thought to be an indestructible navy. A lot of people regard the athenians as being the 1st democracy in the world although only a minority were represented. Much of the ancient greek history is unknown & called the dark ages because it was only later on that writing was developed. The film 300 is based on the battle of Thermopyllae when the persians tried to invade & while some aspects of the film are made up it does a good job of depicting the horror & cruelty of that time.

The book I read to research this post was Researching Your Family History Online for Dummies by Nick Barrett et al which is a very good book which I bought from kindle. When you are researching your family tree the first thing you should do is interview each member of your family & find out what they know about your family history, ideally record the interviews on an mp3 player with a record feature, they are quite cheap. In this phase you are particularly looking for family addresses & names particularly surnames & how they have changed. Then you need to visit a genealogy site, some are free incidently, if your family was english try ancestry.co.uk which has a free trial if your family was more international try ancestry.com which has many foreign databases although you need to pay for that. A free site that is useful for genealogy is genesreunited.com . A good idea is to google the terms parish records & the county the person lived in. When you have researched a family history & family tree why not do a family web site which your family can visit. Ideally because your family web site won’t be a commercial enterprise you should look at free hosting or maybe have a blog site.